Tag Archives: Gibson

The Van Halen I Frankenstrat

One of the most memorable guitars in rock is the Van Halen I Frankenstrat. Everything about the guitar, from the forward thinking vision and construction of the guitar, to the striped paint finish, represented a whole new way of thinking with the guitar itself. This guitar is crucial to the development of the Van Halen sound, as well as everything that followed in rock music after Ed first blazed the scene in southern California.

This is really, the guitar that started it all for Eddie Van Halen.

Photo courtesy http://www.vintagekramer.com/Baretta/franky.jpg

It came out of a genuine desire for the ultimate sound and a frustration with the limitations of guitars available in the 1970s. Back then, there were a limited amount of resources and guitars present at the time that could replicate the sound that any aspiring guitarist could create. Far from wanting to directly copy others, Eddie was out to bend the rules of the guitar itself (and possibly break a few along the way).

It was a combination of his three main guitars that he used before becoming famous: the Gibson Les Paul; Fender Stratocaster and Gibson ES-335. Indeed, Eddie is quoted in an interview as stating: “I combined the four elements (that was wanted) into the Frankenstein”1. Although Eddie had already tried placing a humbucker on his Fender Stratocaster, the guitar still did not sound to his liking.

Eddie’s first Frankenstrat came out of a combined frustration with his previous main guitars.

Photo courtesy https://projectevh.files.wordpress.com/2014/10/70719-frankensteinearlyblackandwhite.jpg

Indeed Ed made his Frankenstrat using parts famously from Wayne Charvel’s shop using spare parts that were available, namely Boogie Bodies parts. It was done on the cheap, with the total cost of the body and neck coming to $130US at the time, relatively cheaply done. The individual costs were $50 for the body, and $80 for the neck2. Strangely enough, according to some sources3, Ed purchased the guitar neck at a discount with a large knot in the wood as he believed it would perform better.

Wayne Charvel was crucial in assisting Eddie Van Halen with building his first Frankenstrat, along with other guitars.

Picture courtesy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hQ_trn4jCeQ

Since there were no such things as Fender Stratocaster bodies with humbucker positions carved out in the bridge position at the time, Eddie carefully measured and chiselled out a humbucker slot into the bridge position of the Stratocaster body. He then conceived his idea of his white with black stripes paint job on his guitar. To achieve this, he had on his hands masking tape in 1/8 inch and ¾ inch size. He initially painted the guitar black using Schwinn bicycle paint that he may have used on his paper route. Once it had dried, he used said masking tape in a patterned style on his guitar. He then spray painted it white to achieve the layered look, and removed the masking tape.

Once this was achieved, he then placed the bridge humbucker from his Gibson ES-335 (a PAF pickup which stands for Patent Applied For) into the body of the guitar. Although the original Frankenstrat had this pickup installed, it would change over the years, this was the original pickup used. He had a limited knowledge of electronic circuitry, so there was no tone control. Instead, he wired a single volume control to the circuitry.

Indeed, Eddie has said on numerous occasions that his first Frankenstrat was a combination of a Gibson and Fender sound.

Photo courtesy http://farm4.staticflickr.com/3045/2867744812_4bb2269a04_z.jpg?zz=1

The body was a basic Fender Stratocaster (with CBS style headstock) maple neck and fingerboard, with Schaller tuning pegs and Gibson Jumbo frets. Once he had compiled the main elements of the guitar together, he added a Fender vintage tremolo system from his 1957 Fender Stratocaster4. This was due to his belief that the newer Stratocaster tremolo systems did not work as efficiently as the vintage tremolo systems. To cover up the work that Ed did on his guitar, he placed a black pickguard over the pickups, leaving a place open for the humbucker.

The result was, as Eddie put it, “It was neat. I really felt that I was on to something when I built that guitar, because you couldn’t buy anything like it at the time.” Indeed, his guitar, along with his guitar playing, completely changed the way the music industry was working with the sound of the electric guitar.

The cover of the Zero demo tape, produced by Kiss’s Gene Simmons, where Ed first used his original Frankenstrat on recording.

Photo courtesy http://www.shredaholic.com/images/vanhalen.jpg

I will provide a link for you on all you need to know about how to assemble a Van Halen I Frankenstrat. This website has the rundown on the physical stats of the Frankenstrat as well, similar to what I have placed for other guitars. You can find it here: http://www.shredaholic.com/frankie.html. Although admittedly I have pinched the components of the Van Halen I Frankenstrat from that site, I will list them here anyway:

Body: Stratocaster

Body Wood: Hard (northern) Ash

Body Finish: Unfinished

Body Routing: Top Routed

Pickup Routing: Single, Single, Humbucker (chiselled from single rout)

Bridge Routing: Fender vintage tremolo

Neck: Standard

Headstock: CBS

Neck Wood: Birdseye Maple

Finger Board Wood: Birdseye Maple

Neck Finish: Satin (his was unfinished but finishing is recommended)

Fret Size: Gibson Jumbo Frets 6150

Key Holes: Schaller

Inlay: Black Dots

String Nut: Fender vintage tremolo

Bridge Type: Fender vintage tremolo

Pickguard: Stratocaster

Pickguard Configuration: x , x, Humbucker

Pickguard Bridge Routing: Fender vintage tremolo

Pickguard Color: Black Solid Matte (.060)

Pickguard Control Setup: x, Volume, Volume

No Pickup selector

Tuners: Schaller Mini Locking Tuners (Left, Chrome)

Pickups: Seymour Duncan EVH (’78 model) Humbucker

Copper Shielding: 2 feet

Output Jack: Switchcraft Brand Mono Jack

Jack Plate: Stratocaster (Chrome)

Knobs: 1 Vintage Stratocaster Tone Knob (White)

Neck Plate: Chrome

Potentiometers: 1 CTS Brand 500K pot

String Retainer: Brass nut

Tape Type: 3/4 Inch (Big Black Stripes) 1/8 Inch (Smaller Stripes

Before I wrap this up, I must stress that there are alternatives to building your own Van Halen I Frankenstrat. Indeed, for the closest thing, you can check out The Striped Series on www.evhgear.com for a close alternative, although these do come equipped with a Floyd Rose tremolo, something that Ed did not have on his Van Halen I Frankenstrat (although he did install a prototype Floyd Rose later before he repainted it). These start at $1199US, not very cheap, but worth it if you are keen on one.

The Van Halen striped series is well worth checking out if you cannot find the time or money to build your own Frankenstrat.

Photo courtesy http://www.guitar-planet.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/Striped-Series-900c.jpg

Another couple of options exist, such as the Fender Standard HSS with Locking Tremolo or the Gibson Les Paul Axcess, both of which I have mentioned already in earlier posts. The HSS retails for around $1500AUS and the Axcess for $3999US, but either way, if you cannot be bothered building your own Frankenstrat or you feel that the Striped Series are not worth your while, these are two other perfectly reasonable options.

References:

  1. Vivascene. 2011. Interview : Eddie Van Halen. http://vivascene.com/interviews/interview-eddie-van-halen/
  2. Unknown. 2009. My Frankenstrat Build. http://frankenstrat.wordpress.com/history-of-the-frankenstrat/
  3. Askmen. Unknown publishing date. Eddie Van Halen’s “Frankenstrat”. http://au.askmen.com/top_10/entertainment/top-10-legendary-guitars_3.html
  4. Unknown author. Unknown publishing date. Ed’s Axes. http://valleywebs.com/van-halen/guitars.html

Gibson ES-335

After Eddie used the Fender Stratocaster, he was dissatisfied with what he was hearing in terms of sound. Obviously, although he was a fan of both the Gibson Les Paul and the Fender Stratocaster, Eddie was looking for something completely unique compared to those straight-off-the-rack guitars. So after doing some research, he settled on using a Gibson ES-335 for some time.

This is the third main guitar Ed used before building the classic Frankenstrat

Picture courtesy https://projectevh.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/56478-86_335_bigsby_003.jpg

Now the Gibson ES-335 is basically a semi-acoustic Gibson with a Bigsby Vibrato tailpiece. The key problem with this guitar is that although Ed would have, once again, liked the sound of this guitar, much like he enjoyed the sound of a Gibson Les Paul, he found the Bigsby vibrato tailpiece to be unwieldy1 and also may have disapproved of the fact that the guitar was semi-acoustic, which means that it is designed to more easily create feedback in a live setting. Ed did not like unnatural feedback, as I will point out at another time. Ed mentioned in a Guitar World2 interview that he disapproved a particular ES-335’s vibrato tailpiece as it did not stay in tune and chose to modify that vibrato tailpiece. Ed, the tone chaser, was and is always searching for the perfect sound and feel with guitars.

Having said that, the Gibson ES-335 is a great guitar to play. Although it may not seem as iconic as the Gibson Les Paul or the Fender Stratocaster, it is essential for this part of the Van Halen history to recognise as it is important to the development and sound of Eddie Van Halen in the early days.

Designer at Gibson of the ES-335 Ted McCarty was looking for a guitar that was built of a vision between “an electric solidbody and a hollowbody guitar”. A large amount of players, starting notably with Chuck Berry, the blues artist3 began to use this guitar. However, a wide variety of other players have used it as well, despite it being known primarily as more a blues guitar than a rock guitar.

Ed was a fan of the Gibson sound early on in his playing days.

Picture courtesy http://www.play-acoustic-guitar.com/images/gibson_acoustic_guitar.jpg

Gibson do sell Gibson ES-335 of various sorts if you are interested, retailing around $3 000-$5 000 US generally on the Gibson website. It does not really matter specifically what model you choose, just as long as it suits you. Below is a list of the components of a Gibson 1959 ES-335 Dot Reissue from the Gibson website:

Body:

Top: 3ply – Maple/Poplar/Maple Body Type: Semi-Hollow

Back: 3ply – Maple/Poplar/Maple

Binding: .090, Cream

Adhesive: Franklin Titebond

Headstock:

Inlay: Holly Headstock Veneer with Pearl Crown and logo

Truss Rod Cover: Vintage Truss Rod Cover

Angle: 17 Degrees

Pickups:

Neck Position: Custom Bucker

Bridge Position: Custom Bucker

Neck:

Species: Mahogany

Profile: Rounded

Truss Rod: Traditional

Joint Angle: 4⁰ (+/- 15 seconds)

Tuners:

Model: Kluson™ Deluxe

Plating: Nickel

Tuning Ratio: 12:01

Electronics:

Potentiometers: 2 Volume Controls, 2 Tone Controls

Toggle Switch: Switchcraft Toggle with Vintage Toggle Cap

Output Jack: 1/4” Switchcraft

Neck Fit:

Joint: Mortise & Tenon

Adhesive: Franklin Titebond 50

Joint Angle Tolerance: +/-.005”

Adhesive: Hot Hide Glue

Bridge:

Type: ABR-1

Plating: Nickel

Finish:

Sealer: Nitrocellulose Lacquer

Fingerboard:

Species: Rosewood

Frets: 22

Radius: 12”

Nut/E.O.B: 1.687/2.062

Inlays: Mother-of-Pearl Dots

Binding: .04, cream

Other: Reissue Fret Wire/Tortoise Side Dots

Tailpiece:

Type: Stop Bar

Material: Lightweight Aluminum

Plating: Nickel Plated Gloss

Nut:

Material: Nylon

Width: 1.687

Slots: Gibson PLEK System

Hardware:

Knobs: Faded Cherry: Black Top Hats w/ dial pointers; Vintage Sunburst: Gold Top Hats w/dial pointers

Pickguard: Long ES-335 Reissue (5-ply)

Strap Buttons: Aluminum End Pins

Be sure to check out the Gibson website at www2.gibson.com for many different kinds of Gibson ES-335 models out there, but to directly follow Eddie would be to seek an early 1970s model with a standard humbucker on it with the Bigsby vibrato. This, of course, would be difficult to find. Nonetheless, if you want to find out what Ed was doing at this stage, picking up a decent ES-335 seems like the way to go.

This guitar is a classic, and worth the money if you are keen to explore what Ed was looking for.

Picture courtesy http://c1.zzounds.com/media/fit,2018by3200/quality,85/1_Full_Straight_Front_1267-4555a169123d6730db255e2cdecff0ce.jpg

Rock on!! 🙂 \m/\m/

References:

  1. http://www.themightyvanhalen.net/1980/04/01/1980-interview-eddie-van-halen-w-jas-obrecht/
  2. http://www.guitarworld.com/eddie-van-halen-interview-wolf-and-man?page=0,1
  3. http://www2.gibson.com/News-Lifestyle/Features/en-us/gibson-es-335-0311-2011.aspx